Depression can be severe and life-altering, affecting the quality of life and the happiness of those who live with it. It’s also a common condition. Depression affects around 15 million every year.
In some cases, it’s possible to prevent depression, even if you’ve already had a previous episode.
There are many lifestyle changes and stress management techniques you can use to prevent or avoid depression. There are certain triggers that can cause us to experience depressive episodes. While triggers may be different for everyone, these are some of the best techniques you can use to prevent or avoid depression relapse.
Exercising regularly is one of the best things you can do for your mental health. Exercise can help in the treatment and prevention of depression in several key ways:
- It increases your body temperature, which can have a calming effect on the central
- It releases chemicals like endorphins, which can boost mood.
- It reduces immune system chemicals that may worsen depression.
All types of physical exercise can help treat depression, but it’s best to exercise regularly. To get more exercise, you can:
- Join a sports team or studio (like yoga or kickboxing), where you’ll be part of a community in addition
to being active.
- Take the stairs instead of the elevator.
- Make it a habit: This is the best way to maintain the fitness level that is most
effective in preventing depression.
Research has shown that increased social media usage can cause or contribute to depression and low self-esteem. Social media can be addicting, and it’s a necessity to stay connected with family, friends, and even coworkers. It’s how we plan and invite each other to events and share big news.
However, limiting social media time can help prevent depression. You can do this by:
- deleting all social apps from your phone
- using website-blocking extensions that only let you use certain sites for a preset
amount of time
- only going to social media with a purpose and avoiding logging on several times a
day just for something to do
Having a strong support system and an active social life is important for our mental health. Research has shown that having even “adequate” social support can protect against depression.
Make sure that you’re regularly connecting with friends and family, even when your lives are busy. Attending social events when you can and finding new hobbies that could help you meet new people can all help you build new relationships too.
Have you ever walked into a theme park and been overwhelmed at what you want to do first? Researchers think that having too many choices can actually cause significant stress that can lead to depression.
When faced with too many choices, those who aim to make the best possible choice — “maximizers” — face higher rates of depression.
For many of us, our lives are filled with choices. Which outfit do we wear, and should we buy yogurt or eggs or bagels or English muffins or sausage for breakfast? The pressure of making the right — or wrong — choice is thought to contribute to depression.
If making choices stresses you out, simplify things. You can:
- Learn to be decisive more quickly.
- Reduce the decisions you’ll have to make during the work week: Plan out your outfits,
and have your meals prepped and ready to go.
Chronic stress is one of the most avoidable common causes of depression. Learning how to manage and cope with stress is essential for optimal mental health.
To manage stress, you can:
- Avoid overcommitting to things.
- Practice mindfulness or meditation.
- Learn to let things go that you can’t control.
If you’ve already experienced one depressive episode, there’s a decent chance you’ll experience another. That’s why maintaining your treatment plan is so important.
- continuing prescription medications, and never stopping them abruptly
- having “maintenance” visits with your therapist every so often when in remission
- consistently practicing the strategies and coping mechanisms your therapist taught you
Getting plenty of high-quality sleep is necessary for both mental and physical health. People with insomnia have a tenfold risk of developing depression compared to those who sleep well.
To get better sleep, you can:
- not look at any screens for two hours before bed (including your phone!)
- meditate before bed
- have a comfortable mattress
- avoid caffeine after noon
We’ve all met that person who just makes us feel bad about ourselves. Sometimes they’re an outright bully, and other times they subtly put us down to make themselves feel better. They may even be someone who takes advantage of us. Regardless of the specific situation, toxic people should be avoided at all costs. They can lower our self-esteem.
A study in 2012 found that negative social interactions were linked to higher levels of two proteins known as cytokines. These two proteins are associated with inflammation as well as depression.
To avoid toxic people, you should:
away from anyone who makes you feel worse about yourself.
people out of your life who take advantage of you.
the signs. If someone spreads rumors or talks badly about someone as soon as
they leave the room, they’re likely to do the same for you.
Regularly consuming a high-fat diet can have similar effects as chronic stress in terms of causing depression. In addition, an unhealthy diet can also deprive your body of vital nutrients it needs to maintain physical and mental health.
To prevent depression with your diet, you should:
- Eat balanced meals with lean protein, and lots of fruits and vegetables.
- Reduce high-sugar and high-fat foods.
- Eliminate processed foods from your diet as much as possible.
- Incorporate more omega-3s into your diet, with foods like salmon or nuts.
Obesity can result in low self-esteem, especially once you start adding in the judgements and criticisms of other people. There is a clear correlation between being obese and experiencing depression. A national survey found that 43 percent of adults with depression were obese. Additionally, adults with depression were more likely to be obese than those without it.
If you’re exercising regularly, getting enough sleep, and eating well, maintaining a healthy weight should fall into place.